## Cool PSoC3 Applications - Voltage Controlled Oscillator

With a handful of PSoC3 resources and an external capacitor, a Voltage controlled oscillator can be created.

Pin "Cint" is configured as both Digital and Analog pin with a drive mode Open Drain drives low. When output of Comparator is High, IDAC output is connected to the pin.  When comparator output is Low, the pin shorts to Ground.

IDAC – configured as a source – charges an external capacitor connected to "Cint". When the capacitor voltage crosses input voltage Vin, comparator output becomes low (comparator is set for inverted logic) and discharges the capacitor. As capacitor voltage becomes zero, the comparator output becomes high and IDAC starts charging the capacitor. The cycle continues and we get an oscillator whose frequency is inversely proportional to Vin.  The circuit has excellent “Period vs. Vin” linearity.

For a given input voltage, the combination of IDAC value and external capacitor determines the maximum Period (1/f) of the output.  We know that when a capacitor is charged using a constant current, the time taken to charge to a known voltage is

t = C * V / I

For example, if the maximum period value is desired to be 500uS for an input voltage of 2.5V, for an IDAC value of 1uA, the value of C can be calculated:

C = (500uSec * 1uA) / 2.5V = 200pF

The comparator is synchronized to a clock.  The period of the clock should be long enough to discharge the capacitor.  Too high a clock frequency, the capacitor may not discharge completely.  Too low a clock frequency, the % of the "discharge time" to "charge time" will increase and will reduce the linearity.  The value of the clock will also depend on the value of the capacitor.  Higher value of capacitor will require a longer discharge time.

Selecting the right combination of IDAC, Capacitor and the SyncClock is an interesting exercise left to the user.

The project for the above can be found

here.

ALL CONTENT AND MATERIALS ON THIS SITE ARE PROVIDED "AS IS". CYPRESS SEMICONDUCTOR AND ITS RESPECTIVE SUPPLIERS MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS ABOUT THE SUITABILITY OF THESE MATERIALS FOR ANY PURPOSE AND DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS WITH REGARD TO THESE MATERIALS, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES AND CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY THIRD PARTY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT. NO LICENSE, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, BY ESTOPPEL OR OTHERWISE, IS GRANTED BY CYPRESS SEMICONDUCTOR. USE OF THE INFORMATION ON THIS SITE MAY REQUIRE A LICENSE FROM A THIRD PARTY, OR A LICENSE FROM CYPRESS SEMICONDUCTOR.

Content on this site may contain or be subject to specific guidelines or limitations on use. All postings and use of the content on this site are subject to the Terms and Conditions of the site; third parties using this content agree to abide by any limitations or guidelines and to comply with the Terms and Conditions of this site. Cypress Semiconductor and its suppliers reserve the right to make corrections, deletions, modifications, enhancements, improvements and other changes to the content and materials, its products, programs and services at any time or to move or discontinue any content, products, programs, or services without notice.