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Brushless DC Motor (BLDC) | Cypress Semiconductor

Brushless DC Motor (BLDC)

Block Diagram


Sensorless BLDC Motor Control Block Diagram Sensored BLDC Motor Control Block Diagram


Design Considerations

Brushless DC electric motor (BLDC motors) are rotating electrical machines with permanent magnets in the rotor and where the windings are part of the stator. BLDC motors replace the mechanical commutator found on Brushed DC Motors with electric commutations and are powered by a DC electric source via an integrated inverter/switching power supply, which produces an AC electric signal to drive the motor. An electronic controller such as PSoC or FMx part can continually switch the phase to the windings to keep the motor turning.

Brushless motors offer several advantages over brushed DC motors, including high torque to weight ratio, more torque per watt (increased efficiency), increased reliability, reduced noise, longer lifetime (no brush and commutator erosion), elimination of ionizing sparks from the commutator, and overall reduction of electromagnetic interference (EMI). Because the windings are supported by the housing, they can be cooled by conduction, requiring no airflow inside the motor for cooling. This in turn means that the motor's internals can be entirely enclosed and protected from dirt or other foreign matter.

Application Notes

Development Kits/Boards

  • The CY8CKIT-037 is used for PSoC 4 solution evaluation for motor control application. The kit supports BLDC (BrushLess Direct Current) motors, PMSM (Permanent Magnetic Synchronous Motors) and stepper motors. We provide example projects including single-shunt and sensorless FOC (Field Oriented Control), sensored BLDC control, sensorless BLDC control and stepper motor control example projects.

Software and Drivers

  • PSoC Creator

    PSoC Creator is a state-of-the-art software development IDE combined with a revolutionary graphical design editor to form a uniquely powerful hardware/software co-design environment.

  • PSoC Designer

    PSoC Designer is the revolutionary Integrated Design Environment (IDE) that you can use to customize PSoC to meet your specific application requirements. PSoC Designer software accelerates system bring-up and time-to-market.